Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso
Synonym: Refosco, Refosco Nostrano, Mondeuse Noire (France).
Commonly mistaken for: Refosco di Faedis, Refosco d’Istria, Refosco di Rauscedo, Refoscone.
Origin: It had its origins in Friuli (North eastern of Italy); this historical vine is considered one of the most important and probably the best of the group of vines called “Refoschi”. Famous already in 1700, it has had, in the last ten years, a notable diffusion in the others regions especially in Friuli Venezia Giulia and Veneto, where it has replaced the other more productive Refoschi.
Agronomic and environmental aspects: It has a preference for soils with a good percentage of clay, rich in calcium carbonate and in rock fragments. Medium or wide training systems. The vine is not suitable for training systems designed for complete mechanisation; in fact it prefers a long pruning. Good and constant yield.
Diseases, pests and disorders: Good resistance to extreme weather conditions; susceptible to downy mildew and phomopsis, slightly to powdery mildew. It has resistance to botrytis and Esca.
Growing Tip: half-open, cottony, of whitish yellow colour with reddish edges.
Leaf: large size of blade, pentagonal or circular shape, 3-lobed. Has a V-shaped petiolar sinus, lateral sinuses V-shaped with lobes slightly overlapping. The profile is flat with a medium blistering of blade in the upper surface.
Bunch: medium-large, of pyramidal form, with one wing, medium density, with peduncle of red colour. [292g. 17/03/05]
Berry: of medium dimensions, round; skin of uniform blue-black colour, medium thick covered by medium bloom; with a very easy ease of detachment from pedicel. [1.78 g. 17/03/05]
Wine is an intense ruby-red in colour, tannic, not very alcoholic, with vinous and fruity fragrance, slightly herbaceous, particular. It becomes mature with a short ageing, acquiring high value fragrances and aromas. It is used in several DOC (Refosco dal peduncolo rosso Colli Orientali del Friuli, Refosco dal peduncolo rosso Aquileia, Refosco dal peduncolo rosso Grave del Friuli, Refosco dal peduncolo rosso Lison-Pramaggiore, Refosco La tisana, Montello and Colli Asolani).